Alcohol

Substance

Ethanol, ethyl alcohol, C2H50H.

Alcohol is sold in concentrations of up to 80% in various drinks. Alcoholic drinks are legally classified with foodstuffs, as semi-luxury goods.

Effects

Absorption of alcohol through the stomach into the bloodstream takes approximately 30 - 60 minutes and depends on the alcohol concentration and the content of carbon dioxide in the drink as well as how full the stomach is.

Alcohol gives a general sense of well being, raises the spirits (euphoria), and suppresses the powers of self-criticism.It is a stimulant, suppresses inhibitions and is a powerful intoxicant.

Short-term side effects

Reduced visual capabilities, hearing and concentration are impaired, coordination worsens with increased intake, reactions slow down. Do not drive!

Alcohol is a cytotoxin (destroys the cells).

It has harmful effects from a daily intake of approximately 20 - 60 g pure alcohol (this corresponds approximately to 1 litre of beer or 0.5 litres of wine). A "hangover" may occur the morning after. Alcohol poisoning, or overdose (from about 3 parts per thousand) is possible.

Long-term side effects

Persistent alcohol abuse damages the liver, the nervous system, the stomach and intestinal tract, the heart and the pancreas. Mental performance is impaired. There may also be changes in the skin, premature ageing, depression and the destruction of brain cells.

There is a risk of the slow onset of physical and psychological dependence!

Interaction with other drugs

Mixing alcohol and other substances such as cannabis, ecstasy, medicines etc. may be very dangerous and the effects are incalculable.

Safer Use

  • If you are drinking alcohol, avoid taking medicines and any drugs at the same time, as this will increase the risk to your health.
  • Do not drink alcohol on an empty stomach.
  • Do not mix different alcoholic drinks. Don't drink out of boredom or because you are fed up when you are alone!
  • Alcohol should always be taken in small doses/quantities.

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