Substanz

Nikotin/Tabak

Substance

Nicotine is produced in the root of the tobacco plant and when the plant matures, it migrates into the leaves. In its pure form, it has no taste.

Companion substances: tar (which gives the taste), carbon monoxide, benzole, cadmium, nitrosamine, hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen, hydrocyanic acid etc. "Pet" names: cigarettes, ciggies, fags, rollies etc.

Salvia Divinorum

Substance

Salvia divinorum is the botanical name of an evergreen, herbaceous plant. It contains the psychoactive ingredient Salvinorin A, a diterpene, in all parts of the plant (the leaves have the highest concentration).
Salvinorin A is currently the most potent natural hallucinogen. Just 1 mg can have powerful effects. Concentration in the leaves is around 0.8 - 4 mg/g. The concentration of active ingredient may vary. 0.2-0.4 g of dried leaves, if smoked, may be enough to achieve the full spectrum of effects (depending on the technique used for smoking).

Speed/Pep

Substance

Generally consists of amphetamine, but may also contain methamphetamine, ephedrine and fillers such as Paracetamol, milk powder, caffeine etc. The concentration of active ingredient in the powder sold as Speed varies in strength between 10 and 80%. Obtainable in crystalline or powdered (white, beige, pink) form or in tablet form as capsules.

Speed is usually snorted or swallowed, more rarely injected or smoked.

Amphetamine has been/is used in medicine, for example as an appetite suppressant, and as a treatment for asthma and hyperactivity.

PCP

Substance

PCP belongs to the group of phencyclidines, a group of psychedelic anaesthetics which are still used today in veterinary medicine.

PCP (Phenyl-Cyclidin-Piperidine) is available in its pure form as a white, crystalline powder, but is also sold as a liquid, spray, in tab and capsule form. PCP is generally taken orally but can also be smoked, snorted or sprayed.

It is also known as Angel's Dust, Lovelys (cigarettes dunked in PCP), Space base (PCP and Crack), Black Dust or Sunshine (PCP and heroin). 

Poppers

Substance

Poppers contain various substances such as amyl nitrite/butyl nitrite etc. and consist mainly of additives and flavourings.

This is a volatile liquid that is explosive in an air mixture. Poppers are inhaled from small bottles (must not be drunk under any circumstances - risk of death!).

Poppers were and in some instances still are used in cardiac and obstetric medicine and for the treatment of angina pectoris.

Meskalin

Substance

Peyote (Lophophora williamsii) is a spineless, spherical cactus. It mainly grows in the North Mexican deserts. It is a very slow-growing plant. The interval between seed germination and the first bloom is approximately 13 years. When fully grown, it reaches a diameter of approximately 15 cm. The entire cactus contains approximately 30 alkaloids, of which Mescaline, a powerfully psychedelic alkaloid, is the main ingredient.
Mescaline belongs to the methoxyamphetamine class of chemicals. Effective mescaline doses are in the approximate range of 200-600 mg.

Pilze/Psilos

Substance

Mushrooms containing active agents psilocybin and psilocin e.g. the Liberty Cap mushroom (Psilocybe semilanceata). The concentration of active agent is highly variable, though in dried mushrooms it is about 0.1 to 2% (dry weight), depending on the type of mushroom. The normal dose is between 10 and 20 mg of psilocybin - corresponding to 1 g of dried or 5 - 10 g of fresh mushrooms.

Psilocybin mushrooms are known as magic mushrooms, "shrooms" or "psilos", among other things.

LSD

Substance

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was discovered in 1943 by Albert Hoffmann. Colourless, odourless and tasteless solution applied to various carriers e.g. to paper known as "blotter" ("tabs", "tickets") or available in the form of tiny tablets (microdots). Other names include "trips", "acid", "window panes". LSD is a very volatile substance i.e. if exposed to air, light or moisture, the "tickets" will completely lose their effect within a few weeks.

Lachgas

Substance

The active agent is dinitrogen monoxide (N2O). Laughing gas is available as a gas in capsules (capsules for cream dispensers) or gas bottles of various sizes. This gas is colourless and odourless and tastes slightly sweet. It is usually inhaled from balloons.

Ketamin

Substance

Ketamine hydrochloride
The substance is used as a narcotic, particularly in veterinary medicine. Pure Ketamine is a crystalline, white, scentless powder. It is often mixed with other substances (filling agents, Cocaine, Ecstasy etc.). Ketamine is mostly swallowed or snorted. Especially in Great Britain, Ketamine is also available as pills and is sometimes mixed with MDMA and sold as Ecstasy.

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